Docker

Docker

Docker technology is currently being loved by application developers. Many large companies and start-ups implement Docker as a support for their business. Various kinds of service applications have now been ported to docker virtualization, such as MySQL, PHP, apache, docker, MongoDB, and so on. They are now implementing docker as a supporter of their performance. This article will review Docker technology.

What is Docker?

Docker is a set of platform as a service (PaaS) products that use OS-level virtualization to deliver software in packages called containers. Containers are isolated from one another and bundle their own software, libraries, and configuration files. Therefore, they can communicate with each other through well-defined channels. All containers are run by a single operating system kernel and therefore use fewer resources than virtual machines.

It is a virtualization technology used to simplify application development. In fact, Docker is a fairly new technology. It was first introduced by Solomon Hykes at the PyCon US event in 2013. It has the ability to run applications with different system configurations, even though it is still on one computer or server device. Thus, it develops very quickly because it is very liked by developers.

What are the features of Docker?

Docker features include:

  • Docker Engine

Build Docker images and create Docker containers.

  • Docker Hub

The registry for various Docker images

  • Docker Compose

Define applications using multiple Docker containers.

How is Docker Architecture?

The docker component consists of 3 parts: client, host, and registry

Client

The docker client application is just a terminal application that is used to execute commands to the docker server/host. The host will execute the command and the client will receive the result.

An example of a Docker client application is:

  • Docker build: to create a new container.
  • Docker pull: to download Docker images or local repositories on hosts in the public or private registry.
  • Docker run: to run processes in containers.

Host

The Docker Host is responsible for receiving commands from the Docker Client and providing an environment to run the complete software. It runs on the server-side, so it can also be called a docker server. Inside this docker, there is a docker daemon. It is responsible for managing Docker Images & Containers and receiving requests from the Docker API that the system will then process.

Registry

The Docker Registry is a container for storing a Docker image. Later on, it will give the output according to the given command.

Here’s an overview of the components in docker involved:

Docker Architecture

What is the difference between Docker vs VM (Virtual Machine)

In some cases, docker has a lot in common with virtual machine (VM) technology. However, docker technology is completely different from virtual machines. The following picture is a comparison of Docker’s visualization with a virtual machine.

Virtual Machine and Docker differences

The difference between Docker and Virtual Machine (VM) is summarized in the following table.

DockerVirtual Machine (VM)
Represents operation system virtualizationRepresents hardware-level virtualization
LightweightHeavyweight
Real-time provisioning & scalabilitySlow provisioning
Native performanceLimited performance
Process-level isolation & hence less secureFully isolated & hance more secure
Slower in packing and installing appsFaster in packing and installing apps

How to Install Docker?

In this article, we will demonstrate the installation of docker for the Windows environment. The steps to install Docker on Windows 10 are as follows:

  1. Download the Docker installer.
  2. Choose the windows version
  3. Prior to the installation, you must enable the Hyper-V Backend and Windows Container features first. To enable it can be read in the official documentation from Windows here
  4. Run the installation file by right-clicking and selecting run as administrator on the file and wait for the process to complete.
  5. To check whether the installation was successful or not, use the following command:

Docker Version

Docker Installation

The result shows the data about the docker system installed on our device.

The following will explain the implementation of the Postgre SQL installation using the docker-compose file:

  1. Create a folder/directory first, for example, “postgre”
  2. Create a docker-compose.yml file and then type this code into the file:

    # Use postgres/example user/password credentials
    version: '3.1'
    services:
      db:
    	image: postgres
    	restart: always
    	environment:
      	POSTGRES_PASSWORD: example
    	ports:
        	- 5432:5432
    adminer:
    	image: adminer
    	restart: always
    	ports:
      	- 8080:8080
  3. Save the docker-compose.yml file to the “postgre” folder we created earlier
  4. Open the command line then cd to the “postgre” directory
  5. Type the command :
    CODE
    docker-compose up
  6. The following log will appear and indicate the installation is being carried out. If you do this command for the first time, Docker will download the required files.Docker Installation-2

  7.  To check whether the installation was successful or not, it can be seen via the Docker dashboard.
    Docker Installation-3
  8. The “postgre” container is already running. Try to open it via browser with management database at URL: localhost:8080
    Docker Installation-4

Troubleshoots

  • If docker container can’t  be killed or stopped run : aa-remove-unknown

Conclusion

Docker is a virtualization technology used to simplify application development. It works as a container or open-source container to accommodate various types of applications in one place. With a container system, all application creation, module, monitoring, and infrastructure management work can be faster, more efficient, and more secure. Docker features include Docker Engine, Docker Hub, Docker Compose.

References

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